Animal Diseases Ordinance, (New Version) 1985 (Summary)

Prevention of Disease Spread

– A person who has in his care an animal [listed in the First Annex] who has a disease [listed in the Second Annex] or who is suspected of having a disease must inform the city or local authorities, including the official veter=narian if one exists or the local police. He must also quarantine the animal from other, unaffected animals, and tie or cage the animal.

– All of the above mentioned people are responsible to notify the State Veterinarian of a diseased animal, of the suspected spread of a disease, or of the death of an animal under suspicious circumstances. The State Veterinarian is then authorized to take any steps necessary to determine the existence and type of disease. When he is convinced that such a disease exists, he must report to the Veterinary Authority.

– The director of the Veterinary Authority or the State Veterinarian may declare an area to be an "infected area". No one may convey an animal into, or remove an animal from, such an area without written permission form the State Veterinarian. Further, a person may not leave an infected area until he has complied with the orders of the State Veterinarian or Inspector, and he may not remove any item from the area that came in contact with infected animals.

– The State Veterinarian may order the slaughter of a diseased animal or an animal exposed to a disease. The State Veterinarian or regional officer may give orders as to the removal (including destruction or burial) of an animal who died or was slaughtered due to a disease; he may further order the removal of materials which came in contact with the animal, including materials lining cages or stalls (hereinafter, "lining"), fodder, and excrement.

– In order to prevent the spread of disease, the State Veterinarian or Inspector may order the disinfection, vaccination or other treatment, branding, dipping, spraying or quarantine of any animal. He may further order the disinfection of any building or item which came into contact with an infected animal. The State Veterinarian may require blood tests or any other tests to diagnose a disease.

– The State Veterinarian may forbid the use of an animal’s by-products, especially milk, for a specified time period. He may further forbid or allow the sale of animals, or their slaughter for use as food, or the sale of corpses for food.

– The State Veterinarian, Local Officer or Inspector may enter any place to ascertain that it contains no animals, corpses, fodder, excrement or lining, and that the provisions of this Ordinance have not been contravened.

– Owners of animals slaughtered under this Ordinance are entitled to Governmental compensation up to half the value of the animal if it were not sick. Owners of dogs, cats or monkeys are not entitled to compensation; nor are owners whose animals were sick before they were imported into the country or which were imported illegally.

– A person who contravenes this law is liable to imprisonment for one year. Animals involved may be impounded.

Authority

The Minister of Agriculture is responsible for the implementation of this law. He may remove or add animals or diseases to the annexes below as the need arises. In addition, he may promulgate regulations under this Law, as to, inter alia,

* the examination, quarantine, disinfection, transfer, branding, immersion, testing, or slaughter of animals infected or suspected of being infected with a disease; animals exposed to infected animals; or animals particularly sensitive to infection with a disease;

* the cleaning and disinfection of buildings, vehicles or other places in which animals were kept or marketed;

* the disinfection of people, their clothes and their personal belongings, who were present in an "infected area" or who came into contact with infected animals;

* the quarantine of infected animals, animals exposed to infection, or animals particularly sensitive to infection;

* the destruction or other treatment of corpses, fodder, tools, excrement, lining, or other materials that came in contact with the infected area;

* the establishment of slaughterhouses and their regulation;

* the regulation or prohibition of import or use of disease-causing organisms and other materials such as plasma used in the treatment or diagnosis of animal diseases;

* the impounding of animals when the instructions in this Ordinance have not been carried out;

* the prevention of the spread of animal disease;

* fees for examination, disinfection, laboratory tests, dipping, or slaughter of animals; for feeding and care of quarantined animals; for disinfection of animal parts; for licenses or other documents; or for other expenditures of the State according to this Ordinance.

First Annex

Animals included in this Ordinance are:

Livestock:

cattle
sheep
buffalo
camels
horses
asses
donkeys
pigs
rabbits

Fur Animals:

mink
chinchillas
nutrias
fox
ocelot

Birds:

chickens
geese
ducks
turkeys
doves
swans
mallards
peafowl
guinea fowl
ostrich
quail
pheasant
the eggs of the above birds

Other Animals:

dogs
cats
monkeys
hamsters
rats
mice
mammalian, amphibian and reptilian wild animals
bees
fish

Second Annex

Diseases included in this Ordinance:

Variola
Agalactia contagiosa
Ovium et caprarum
Anaplasmosis
Babesiosis
Bronchitis infectiosa
Avium
Brucellosis*
Paratuberculosis
Anthrax*
Scabies
Pestis bovum
Pestis suum
Pestis equorum
Pestis avium
Exanthema coitale paralyticum
Encephalomyelitis
Equorum
Meningo-encephalitis
Meleagridis
Encephalomyelitis avium
Lymphangitis
Epizootica
Rhinotracheitis
Infectiosa bovum
Pleuropneumonia
Contagiosa bovum
Pleuropneumonia Contagiosa
Caprarum
Ornithosis et psittacosis*
Erysipelas*
Vibriosis genitalis
Bovum et ovium
Anemia infectiosa equorum
Trichomonaiasis bovum
Gangraena emphysematosa
Febris catarrhalis ovium
Lyssa (Rabies)*
Leucosis bovum
Leishmaniasis canum*
Listeriosis*
Leptospirosis*
Laryngotracheitis
Infectiosa avium
Arizonosis
Apthae epizootica
Trichinosis*
Varroa Jacobsoni
Cysticercosis bovum*
Neurolymphomatosis
Gallinarum (Marek’s dis.)
Pneumoencephalitis
Newcastle disease
Pullorum-gallinarum
Coryza gangrenosa bovum
Malleus*
Salmonellosis*
Enterotoxaemia ovium et caprarum
Scrapie
Q fever*
Rift Valley fever*
Lumpy skin disease
Histolysis infectiosa perniciosa
Histolysis infectiosa
Tuberculosis*
Thelleriosis

* Diseases which pose a threat to humans