Model Bylaw for Local Authorities
(The Discharge of Industrial Wastes into the Sewage System), 1981

(Translation)

Model bylaws approved by the Minister of the Interior are not of themselves binding but serve as a recommendation to Local Authorities. Unlike ordinary bylaws, which require Governmental approval, these bylaws automatically go into force. As of 1990, 40 cities and towns had adopted this model bylaw.

By the authority vested in me by section 25 A of the Local Municipalities Ordinance and section 262 of the Town Ordinance, and in accordance with the Local Authority Law (Sewage), 1962, this Model Bylaw is hereby published as follows:

Definitions 1. In this Model Bylaw:

"Sewage" as defined in the Local Authority Law (Sewage), 1962 (hereinafter, the Local Authority Sewage Law);

"Permit" annual permit for the discharge of industrial wastes given in writing by the head of the Local Authority for purposes of this law;

"Discharge of Wastes" or "Discharge" the removal of wastes from an industrial plant into the sewage system or by means of the system;

"Occupier" for the purposes of an industrial plant whoever in fact occupies a factory or part of one, either as an owner, renter or in any other way;

"Sewage System" has the meaning of "sewage" in the Local Authority Law, including sewage lines, collectors and pumping, purifying and removal systems;

"Industrial Plant" or "Plant" any place in which commodities or materials are produced, including any place used for processing, storing, cleaning, testing or activities of this nature;

"Plant requiring a permit" an industrial plant using more than 5,000 cubic meters of water per year, or a plant using less than 5,000 cubic meters of water per year that the head of the Local Authority has determined in a written notice is a plant requiring a permit;

"Controlled Plant" a plant using less than 5,000 cubic meters of water per year that, in the opinion of the Head of the Local Authority, involves production processes or materials that are likely to cause discharge of industrial waste in violation of this Bylaw;

"Inspector" whoever the Head of the Local Authority has appointed in writing for the purposes of this Bylaw;

"Head of the Local Authority" includes whoever he has authorized in writing for purposes of this Bylaw, either in whole or in part

"Local Authority" a town, regional council, or a union of towns;

"Industrial Waste" or "Wastes" waste removed from an industrial plant by way of discharge.

Prohibition of discharge of harmful wastes 2. The owner or occupier of an industrial plant shall not discharge industrial wastes into the sewage system and shall not allow any other person to discharge from his plant into the sewage system

(1) In a manner, quantity, or quality that might cause damage to the sewage system or to the flow of the sewage or to the treatment process thereof;

(2) In a nature or manner likely to constitute a nuisance or cause a public hazard;

(3) Without a permit or not in accordance with the terms of the permit if the plant requires a permit or otherwise in violation of this Bylaw.

Requirements for granting a permit 3. Without derogating the provisions of section 2, a permit for the discharge of industrial wastes to the sewage system shall not be granted if the conditions and demands set forth in the Annex to this Bylaw are not fulfilled.
Performance of sewage tests and provision of results 4. (a) An occupier of an industrial plant requiring a permit shall provide to the Head of the Local Authority once a year for the purpose of receiving a permit, test results of the industrial wastes discharged from his plant;

(b) Without derogating the provisions specified in subsection (a), the occupier of a plant requiring a permit or the occupier of a controlled plant, shall provide to the Head of the Local Authority test results of industrial wastes discharged from his plant at any time he is required in writing to do so by the Head of the Local Authority;

(c) The testing of industrial wastes and the submission of the results shall be done in a manner in accordance with the terms established by the Head of the Local Authority;

(d) This paragraph does not derogate the authority of the Head of the Local Authority and the inspectors as specified in section 5.

Testing of discharge by the Local Authority 5. (a) The Head of the Local Authority may order the testing of samples of industrial wastes as described in subsection (b) if he deems that the circumstances so warrant, and he may, by written notice, obligate the plant occupier to pay the expenses of performing such tests;

(b) A controlled plant whose occupier received notice as stated in subsection (a) will be subject to the provisions applicable to a plant requiring a permit.

Conversion of a controlled plant requiring a permit 6. (a) The Head of the Local Authority may determine on the basis of test results of the wastes that were provided to him or that were performed on his behalf, that a controlled plant will be a plant requiring a permit; having determined this, he shall so inform the plant occupier in writing;

(b) A controlled plant whose occupier received notice as stated in subsection (a) will be subject to the provisions applicable to a plant requiring a permit.

Fee for discharge of industrial wastes 7. (a) An occupier of a plant requiring a permit shall pay the Head of the Local Authority a fee for the discharge of industrial wastes (hereinafter, "fee");

(b) The rate of the fee and manner of payment will be determined by the Local Authority.

Prohibition against interference with the Authority 8. No person shall interfere with the Head of the Local Authority or with the inspector and prevent them from using their authorities according to this Bylaw.
Notice regarding changes 9. An occupier of an industrial plant shall immediately inform the Head of the Local Authority of any change in the quantity, nature or quality of the industrial wastes discharged from his plant, or the manner of their discharge, if the change is likely to cause discharge of wastes in violation of this Bylaw.
Authority to change permit or notice 10. The Head of the Local Authority, having given a permit or a notice in writing by the authority vested in him by this Law, may revoke, modify or stipulate conditions to the permit or notice.
Delivery of notice 11. Notice required by this Bylaw shall be deemed to have been delivered lawfully if they are given into the hand of their intended receiver, or delivered to his place of residence or his place of occupation or place known to be so, according to an adult member of his family or to an adult employee, or if sent by registered mail to the same person according to his place of residence, or normal place of employment recently known to be so; if it is impossible to make the delivery as stated, the notice will be delivered lawfully if the notice is posted in a conspicuous place in one of the above stated locations.
Penalty 12. Violators of any provision of this Bylaw shall be fined (1,000 shekels*) and if the violation continues shall be fined (40 shekels) for every day that the violation continues after a written notice from the Head of the Local Authority is delivered to him or after he has been convicted in an authorized court.

* Changed according to the current value of the Israeli shekel (new shekel).

Annex

Obligatory Terms Concerning Industrial Wastes Discharged to a Sewage System

Industrial waste will not include:

1. Gasoline; benzene (C6H6); oil; solvents such as carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, methyl chloride, tri-chloro-ethylene, halogenic ethanes and their kind; and combustible oils or any liquid, solid or gas that may cause flamable conditions or explode in the sewage system;

2. Liquid wastes containing pH less than 6.0 or greater than 9.0;

3. Solids or viscous matter in size and quantities likely not to flow smoothly and in so doing cause problems in the purification process, such as: residuals of filter cakes, asphalt, animal carcasses, rubbish, ashes, sand, mud, straw, remnants of industrial chiseling, tree trunk residue, metal parts, glass, rags, feathers, plastic, wood, blood, animal intestines, bones, hair and leather residues, entrails, paper and plastic plates, plastic bags and other disposable paper or plastic goods, either complete or after scraping or cutting;

4. Rain water, runoff water, ground water and drainage, garden runoff, pool or courtyard runoff; unless by special permission;

5. Water added for dilution of liquid wastes unless by special permission;

6. Cooking oils with a concentration of greater than 100 milligrams per liter (hexane extraction), fats and greasy material such as animal oils, milk, vegetable oils, any kind of mineral oil, and wastes with a concentration below 100 milligrams per liter likely to cause damage to the sewage system;

7. Mineral oil or oils with a mineral base for cutting machines known as "soluble oil" creating stable suspension in water, or any other kind of oil that is not biodegradable, or any other distillates constituting oil products over 20 milligrams per liter;

8. Cyanides such as CN and other compounds likely to produce hydrogen cyanide in acidic solutions in a concentration greater than 2.0 milligrams per liter;

9. Total inorganic and mineral solids dissolved or not dissolved with concentrations greater than 3,500 milligrams per liter and wastes in concentration less than 3,500 milligrams per liter likely to cause damage to the sewage system;

10. Total suspended solids in concentrations greater than 1,000 milligrams per liter;

11. Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) greater than 2,000 milligrams per liter;

12. Substances likely to create strong odors;

13. Dissolved sulfides in a concentration or greater than 0.1 milligrams per liter;

14. Liquid wastes whose temperature at entry into the sewage system is greater than 45 deg. Celsius;

15. Wastes likely to settle and coalesce into solids or viscous substances in temperatures between 20 and 40 Celsius;

16. Chlorohydrocarbon compounds or organophosphorus compounds in concentrations greater than 0.02 milligrams per liter;

17. Chlorine or other active halogen in concentrations greater than 3.0 milligrams per liter.

18. Solids that cannot pass through an opening of 10 square millimeters;

19. Sulfates such as SO4 in concentrations greater than 200 milligrams per liter above their concentration in the water supplied to the plant;

20. Chlorides (as Cl) in concentrations greater than 200 milligrams per liter above their concentration in the water supplied to the plant;

21. Fluorides in concentrations greater than 1.0 milligram per liter;

22. Detergents known as "hard" detergents in concentrations greater than 1 milligram per liter, and detergents known as "soft" detergents in concentrations greater than 3 milligrams per liter;

23. Phenols and cresols in concentrations greater than 3 milligrams per liter;

24. Recycled cooling water or brine;

25. In addition to the above, waste will not include the following stated substances in concentrations greater than those indicated below:

 Substance   Maximum          Substance    Maximum             Concentration                 Concentration             (Milligrams                   (Milligrams             per Liter)                    per Liter)          Zinc           5.00          Arsenic        0.25 Boron          3.00          Beryllium      0.50 Vanadium       0.50          Aluminum      25.00 Silver         0.05          Mercury        0.005 Chromium       0.25          Lithium        0.30 Molybdenum     0.05          Manganese      1.00 Copper         1.00          Nickel         1.00 Selenium       0.05          Lead           0.25 Cadmium        0.05          Cobalt         0.25