ISRAEL at 50
A Statistical Glimpse*

Bordered by Lebanon in the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan in the east, Egypt to the southwest and the Mediterranean Sea in the west, Israel is long and narrow, about 290 miles (470 km.) long and 85 miles (135 km.) at its widest point.

Geographical Regions

 Israel at 50-A Statistical Glimpse
Arid Zones45%
Plains and Valleys25%
Mountains16%
Rift Valley9%
Coastal Strip5%


People

 Israel at 50-A Statistical Glimpse
 1960s1970s1980sToday
Population2,150,0003,022,0003,922,0005,759,000
Jews in Israel, as a percentage of world Jewry13202536
Life expectancy
  • Females
  • Males


  • 73.2
    69.1

    76.0
    72.6

    79.5
    75.5
    Infant mortality (per 1000 live births)31.322.715.66.3
    School population578,000824,0001,201,0001,766,500
    Percentage of the population with 13 years or more of formal schooling911.418.733.6



     Israel at 50-A Statistical Glimpse
    Population by Religion
    Jews80.5%
    Muslims14.6%
    Christians3.2%
    Druze & others1.7%

     Population Distribution
    Cities91.0%
    Villages3.7%
    Moshavim3.1%
    Kibbutzim2.2%



     Israel at 50-A Statistical Glimpse
    Immigrants by Continent
    1948-1996

    Europe58%
    Africa18%
    Asia15%
    America & Oceania8%
    Unknown1%

     Immigrants by Year of Immigration
    1948-51688,000
    1952-59272,000
    1960-69374,000
    1970-79346,000
    1980-89154,000
    1990-96757,000


    Economy

     Israel at 50-A Statistical Glimpse
     1960s1970s1980sToday
    Gross National Product*$2.5 billion$6.8 billion$19.1 billion$90.6 billion
    Export of goods (in millions of dollars)2177685,51120,500
    thereof:
  • Industrial products
  • Agricultural products

  • 154
    63

    639
    129

    4,955
    556
    19,700
    800
    Tourists arriving110,000419,0001,066,0002,101,000
    Air passengers (annual)223,0001,051,0002,847,0006,840,000
    Freight shipped by air (annual in tons)3,52030,700105,800266,000
    Production of electricity (in millions of kilwatt/hours)1,8695,70011,07032,466
    Private cars24,000148,000410,0001,174,000
    Telephone subscribers68,000369,000860,0002,539,000

    ($=$US)
    * at 1995 prices


    State Budget, 1997: $55.4 billion (November 1997 exchange rate)

    Major Indicators by Economic Branch (percentage)

     Israel at 50-A Statistical Glimpse
    BranchGNPLabor ForceExports*Investment
    Industry 21225923
    Agriculture2322
    Construction81035
    Transportation & Communications96522
    Commercial, Financial & Personal Services2733348
    Public Services332610

    *includes goods and services
    Source: Bank of Israel, Annual Report, 1996


    Education and Culture

     Israel at 50-A Statistical Glimpse
    University Students
    by Field of Study

    (Total 105,000 students in 7 universities)

    Agriculture1%
    Biological Sciences3%
    Law5%
    Medicine and Related Fields7%
    Engineering and Architecture11%
    Physics, Math and Computers11%
    Humanities39%
    Social Sciences32%



     Israel at 50-A Statistical Glimpse
    Percentage of Adults
    Attending Cultural Events*

    Theater10.5
    Sports Competition10.0
    Entertainment Show11.3
    Museum5.7
    Concert3.6

    * at least once a month


    * Figures based on the Statistical Abstract of Israel, No. 48, 1997