TIMELINE | BIBLICAL TIMES | SECOND TEMPLE | FOREIGN DOMINATION | STATE OF ISRAEL | PEACE PROCESS | ISRAEL IN MAPS
Famine forces Israelites to migrate to Egypt.
Torah, including the Ten Commandments, received at Mount Sinai.
Judah conquered by Babylonia; Jerusalem and First Temple destroyed; most Jews exiled.
THE SECOND TEMPLE PERIOD
Temple in Jerusalem refurbished
(CE – The Common Era)
(Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem)
British Foreign Minister Balfour pledges support for establishment of a "Jewish national home in Palestine"
Vaad Leumi (National Council) set up by Jewish community (Yishuv) to conduct its affairs.
Jewish Agency representing Jewish community vis-a-vis Mandate authorities set up.
STATE OF ISRAEL
End of British Mandate (14 May)
State of Israel proclaimed (14 May).
Israel invaded by five Arab states (15 May).
Israel Defense Forces (IDF) established.
War of Independence (May 1948-July 1949).
Armistice agreements signed with Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon.
Jerusalem divided under Israeli and Jordanian rule.
First Knesset (parliament) elected.
Israel admitted to United Nations as 59th member.
Visit of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat to Jerusalem.
Prime Minister Menachem Begin and President Anwar Sadat awarded Nobel Peace Prize.
Operation Peace for Galilee removes Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) terrorists from Lebanon.
Operation Moses, immigration of Jews from Ethiopia.
Start of mass immigration of Jews from former Soviet Union.
Middle East peace conference convened in Madrid;
Operation Solomon, airlift of Jews from Ethiopia.
New government headed by Yitzhak Rabin of Labor Party.
Implementation of Palestinian self-government in Gaza Strip and Jericho area.
Full diplomatic relations with the Holy See.
Morocco and Tunisia interest offices set up.
Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty signed.
Rabin, Peres, Arafat awarded Nobel Peace Prize.
Prime Minister Rabin assassinated at peace rally.
Shimon Peres becomes prime minister.
Operation Grapes of Wrath, retaliation for Hizbullah terrorists’ attacks on northern Israel.
Trade representation offices set up in Oman and Qatar.
Likud forms government after Knesset elections.
Binyamin Netanyahu elected prime minister.
Omani trade representation office opened in Tel Aviv.
Israel and the PLO sign the Wye River Memorandum to facilitate implementation of the Interim Agreement.
Israel and the PLO sign the Sharm-el-Sheikh Memorandum.
Israel withdraws from the Security Zone in southern Lebanon.
Israel admitted to UN Western European and Others Group.
Renewed violence (Second Intifada). Prime Minister Barak resigns.
The Sharm-el-Sheikh Fact-Finding Committee report (Mitchell Report) issued.
Palestinian-Israeli Security Implementation Work Plan (Tenet ceasefire plan) proposed.
Rechavam Ze’evy, Minister of Tourism, assassinated by Palestinian terrorists.
Israel begins building the anti-terrorist fence to stop West Bank terrorists from killing Israeli citizens.
Prime Minister Sharon disperses the Knesset, calling for new elections to be held on 28 January 2003.
Israel accepts the Roadmap.
After Prime Minister Sharon suffers a stroke, Ehud Olmert becomes acting prime minister.
Following elections on 28 March, Prime Minister Ehud Olmert forms new government led by the Kadima Party.
Israel carried out military operations against Palestinian terrorists in Gaza after kidnapping of Israeli soldier.
The Second War in Lebanon, during which Israel carried out military operations against Hizbullah terrorism from southern Lebanon, following missile attacks and kidnapping of two Israeli soldiers.
Shimon Peres elected President by the Knesset.
Israel declares Gaza "hostile territory" following Hamas violent takeover of Gaza Strip.
Israel celebrates its 60th anniversary.
Israel launches its Gaza Operation (Operation Cast Lead) in response to the barrage of over 10,000 rockets and mortars fired from the Gaza Strip.
Benjamin Netanyahu is elected Prime Minister in national elections held in February 2009, and forms a broad-based coalition government
The city of Tel Aviv celebrates its 100th anniversary.
Israel joins the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).