January 27, the anniversary of the liberation of the Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp in 1945, was declared International Day of Commemoration in memory of the victims of the Holocaust by the United Nations in 2005. The memorial day this year is built around the theme "Rescue during the Holocaust: The Courage to Care".
PM Netanyahu to the Cabinet (27 Jan): "In the perspective of the almost 75 years that have passed since the Holocaust, what has not changed is the desire to annihilate the Jews. What has changed is the ability of the Jews to defend themselves."
On January 27, 1945, Soviet forces liberated the Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp, discovering the largest Nazi killing center in Europe. Auschwitz has become a symbol of the Holocaust, representing the depths of man’s inhumanity to man.
In November 2005, the United Nations passed a resolution to mark January 27 as an international day of commemoration to honor the victims of the Holocaust, and urged member states to develop educational programs to impart the memory of this tragedy to future generations. Over 60 governments have legislated January 27 as an annual Holocaust Memorial Day and Holocaust remembrance ceremonies will be organized on the international, national, regional and local levels, including in universities and schools.
The Auschwitz Album – Visual evidence of mass murder at Auschwitz-Birkenau (Yad Vashem)
Event at the United Nations Office in Geneva:
Opening ceremony of the exhibit co-organized by the Israeli and Bulgarian missions to the UN in Geneva: "The Power of Civil Society: the Fate of Jews in Bulgaria" – 21 posters with photographs, document copies and text showing the sequence of the events under consideration and social and political processes in Bulgaria and the world that took place in parallel to them.
This exhibition was first presented by the State Institute for Culture of Bulgaria on November 26, 2008 at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the presence of diplomats, community leaders, representatives of the Jewish community in Bulgaria, researchers studying the events that took place in 1943. Since then the exhibition has been travelling all around the world.
The exhibition was prepared in cooperation with the Centre for Jewish Studies at the St. Kliment Ohridski University in Sofia.