THE STATE: Judiciary: The Court System

 

Aerial view of the Supreme Court Building (Photo: GPO / A. Ohayon)

 

STATE SYMBOLS | STRUCTURE | PRESIDENCY | LEGISLATURE | EXECUTIVE | ELECTIONS | JUDICIARY | LAW | POLICE | LOCAL GOVT | IDF

Special Courts (1 judge) 

Traffic, labor, juvenile, military and municipal courts, with clearly defined jurisdiction; administrative tribunals.

Religious Courts (1 or 3 judges)
Jurisdiction in matters of personal status (marriage, divorce, maintenance, guardianship, adoption) vested in judicial institutions of the respective religious communities: Jewish rabbinical courts, Muslim sharia courts, Druze religious courts, ecclesiastical courts of the ten recognized Christian communities in Israel.

Magistrates’ Court (1 judge)

Civil and minor criminal offenses; jurisdiction in civil and criminal cases.


District Court (1 or 3 judges)

Appellate jurisdiction over magistrates’ courts; original jurisdiction in more important civil and criminal cases.

Supreme Court (1, 3, 5 or a larger uneven number of judges)

Ultimate appellate jurisdiction nationwide; right to address issues when necessary to intervene for the sake of justice; authority to release persons illegally detained or imprisoned; sitting as a High Court of Justice, hears petitions against any government body or agent and is the court of first and last instance.

 THE STATE: Judiciary: The Court System

 

President Shimon Peres with justices of the Supreme Court – 28 Feb 2012
(Photo: GPO)