Following a recent death of a 22-year-old woman from a spotted fever, the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Agriculture are seeking to revoke the guidelines for the prevention of ticks in domestic animals and livestock that may be transferred to humans.
Since the beginning of 2017, a total of 11 new cases of Mediterranean Spotted Fever have been reported in Israel, and the number of patients reported this year during the months of January to the end of May (total 11) is higher than the multi-year average (2005-2016) Which stands for six cases.
The disease is caused by the Rickettsia Conorii reaction and transmitted by ticks.
Symptoms of the disease are fever, headache and rash, including in the hands palms and feet. The period of incubation (the period that passes from the moment of the bite to the development of the signs of the disease) is usually 5 to 7 days. The disease has medicine therapy. Without treatment the disease can be fatal.
Contagions with the Mediterranean Spotted Fever occur mainly during the hotter months, when ticks are active and people tend to spend time outdoors. Exposure to ticks occurs in most cases in the context of proximity to pets and livestock, but sometimes without such a connection. Exposure can occur in the home, in the yard, in public gardens, in the petting zoo and in nature. In most cases, a person exposed to ticks will be aware of exposure, but in some cases exposure to ticks may be unnoticeable. Even when exposed to infected ticks, the disease will develop only in a very small proportion of those exposed.
In light of the above, we ask the public to take the following actions:
- Treat pets with anti-tick preparations approved by the Veterinary Services
- List of chemical preparations that are registered as of 06/12/2016
- Actively prevent and control ticks in the home or yard. Controlled and small-scale pest control within the home can be done with preparations intended for the control of ticks, reptiles, insects and / or other arthropods that are registered to the public at the Ministry of Environmental Protection. For pest control outside the home and/or for the treatment of a large-scale nuisance, it is recommended to call an exterminator who holds a license from the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
- In any case of fever that does not pass and when there is a fear of exposure to ticks, inform your doctor.