Land Law, 1969 (Summary)

The Land Law sets out rights, rules and regulations concerning "immovable property", or "land, everything built or planted on land and every other thing permanently fixed to land, except severable fixtures." The Law determines such particulars as rules for ownership and possession of land; land registration; joint ownership; building and planting; and rules for common property such as boundary fixtures (e.g., fences), cooperative houses, and common property; lease, mortgage and easement rights. The Law further establishes a Land Registry, sets fees for land registration and other transactions, and cancels or repeals certain legal categories concerning land and land laws remaining from the period of Ottoman rule.

Land Ownership

– Ownership of land includes ownership of buildings and plants on the land, and includes "the whole depth below the surface of the land subject to any law relating to water, petroleum, mines, minerals…and to the airspace above the surface of the land; however, subject to any law, this provision shall not prevent passage through such airspace".

– "Ownership and other rights in immovable property shall not by themselves justify the doing of anything that causes damage or inconvenience to another."

– The owner of land may demand that a person possessing that land unlawfully surrender the land to the owner. The owner may also use "reasonable force" to reclaim his land, provided that he act within thirty days. o When a person has illegally built a structure on another persons land, the owner may decide whether to have the builder remove the structure or whether to retain it. If the owner keeps the structure, he must compensate the builder.

Public Land and Reserved Land

Public land is land owned by the Israeli Government, a local authority, or any authority established by any enactment. Reserved land is public land intended for public use, and includes, the seashore, ports, rivers and streams, roads and railways, airports, and other lands defined by regulations as such. o Land under Israels territorial waters and lakes is public property and belong to the State.