ISRAEL at 50
A Statistical Glimpse*

Bordered by Lebanon in the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan in the east, Egypt to the southwest and the Mediterranean Sea in the west, Israel is long and narrow, about 290 miles (470 km.) long and 85 miles (135 km.) at its widest point.

Geographical Regions

 Israel at 50-A Statistical Glimpse
Arid Zones 45%
Plains and Valleys 25%
Mountains 16%
Rift Valley 9%
Coastal Strip 5%


People

 Israel at 50-A Statistical Glimpse
  1960s 1970s 1980s Today
Population 2,150,000 3,022,000 3,922,000 5,759,000
Jews in Israel, as a percentage of world Jewry 13 20 25 36
Life expectancy

  • Females
  • Males


  • 73.2
    69.1

    76.0
    72.6

    79.5
    75.5
    Infant mortality (per 1000 live births) 31.3 22.7 15.6 6.3
    School population 578,000 824,000 1,201,000 1,766,500
    Percentage of the population with 13 years or more of formal schooling 9 11.4 18.7 33.6


     Israel at 50-A Statistical Glimpse
    Population by Religion

    Jews 80.5%
    Muslims 14.6%
    Christians 3.2%
    Druze & others 1.7%

      Population Distribution

    Cities 91.0%
    Villages 3.7%
    Moshavim 3.1%
    Kibbutzim 2.2%


     Israel at 50-A Statistical Glimpse
    Immigrants by Continent
    1948-1996

    Europe 58%
    Africa 18%
    Asia 15%
    America & Oceania 8%
    Unknown 1%

      Immigrants by Year of Immigration

    1948-51 688,000
    1952-59 272,000
    1960-69 374,000
    1970-79 346,000
    1980-89 154,000
    1990-96 757,000


    Economy

     Israel at 50-A Statistical Glimpse
      1960s 1970s 1980s Today
    Gross National Product* $2.5 billion $6.8 billion $19.1 billion $90.6 billion
    Export of goods (in millions of dollars) 217 768 5,511 20,500
    thereof:

  • Industrial products
  • Agricultural products

  • 154
    63

    639
    129

    4,955
    556
    19,700
    800
    Tourists arriving 110,000 419,000 1,066,000 2,101,000
    Air passengers (annual) 223,000 1,051,000 2,847,000 6,840,000
    Freight shipped by air (annual in tons) 3,520 30,700 105,800 266,000
    Production of electricity (in millions of kilwatt/hours) 1,869 5,700 11,070 32,466
    Private cars 24,000 148,000 410,000 1,174,000
    Telephone subscribers 68,000 369,000 860,000 2,539,000

    ($=$US)
    * at 1995 prices


    State Budget, 1997: $55.4 billion (November 1997 exchange rate)

    Major Indicators by Economic Branch (percentage)

     Israel at 50-A Statistical Glimpse
    Branch GNP Labor Force Exports* Investment
    Industry

    21 22 59 23
    Agriculture 2 3 2 2
    Construction 8 10 35
    Transportation & Communications 9 6 5 22
    Commercial, Financial & Personal Services 27 33 34 8
    Public Services 33 26 10

    *includes goods and services
    Source: Bank of Israel, Annual Report, 1996


    Education and Culture

     Israel at 50-A Statistical Glimpse
    University Students
    by Field of Study

    (Total 105,000 students in 7 universities)

    Agriculture 1%
    Biological Sciences 3%
    Law 5%
    Medicine and Related Fields 7%
    Engineering and Architecture 11%
    Physics, Math and Computers 11%
    Humanities 39%
    Social Sciences 32%


     Israel at 50-A Statistical Glimpse
    Percentage of Adults
    Attending Cultural Events*

    Theater 10.5
    Sports Competition 10.0
    Entertainment Show 11.3
    Museum 5.7
    Concert 3.6

    * at least once a month


    * Figures based on the Statistical Abstract of Israel, No. 48, 1997