The Popular Resistance Committees (PRC), responsible for the terrorist attacks on the Israel-Egypt border, is an independent terrorist organization in the Gaza Strip that is supported, subsidized and trained by the Hamas terrorist organization.

(IDF Spokesperson)

The Popular Resistance Committees (PRC), responsible for the terrorist attacks on the Israel-Egypt border, is an independent terrorist organization in the Gaza Strip that is supported, subsidized and trained by the Hamas terrorist organization.

The organization was founded in September 2000 following the outbreak of the second intifada, during which over 1,000 Israelis were killed. The PRC operates in coordination with Iranian authorities and the Hizbullah terrorist organization and has conducted multiple terrorist activities against Israeli civilians and IDF soldiers.

The PRC carries out direct attacks against Israel from the Gaza Strip, without any clear national, ideological or religious affiliation in the Gaza political arena.

The PRC is directly supported by the Hamas terrorist organization that controls Gaza. Hamas allows the PRC to act independently. Hamas views the PRC as a means of continuing "resistance" against Israel while being able to claim that it is not involved in the PRC’s terrorist activities. According to intelligence information, Hamas is directly involved in funding and training the PRC terrorists.

In the past few years, the PRC led several terrorist operations against Israel.

In June 2006, the PRC, in cooperation with Hamas, attacked an IDF post in the Kerem Shalom area, during which IDF soldier Gilad Shalit was kidnapped.

Around the same time, the PRC took responsibility for the kidnapping and murder of Israeli civilian Eliyahu Ashri in Judea and Samaria.

On August 18, the PRC led the terrorist attacks on the Israel-Egypt border near Eilat, killing eight Israelis. A number of PRC terrorists, including senior operatives, were killed in IDF operations following the attacks. The PRC has taken responsibility for dozens of rockets launched at southern Israel in the days following the terror attacks.