Sunday 24-Mar-2013 will mark World Tuberculosis Day, internationally and in Israel. The World Health Organization estimates that in 2011, 8.7 million people became ill with tuberculosis, primarily in South East Asia, Africa and the Western Pacific. In Israel, 417 new tuberculosis patients were reported during the year 2011, at an incidence rate of 5.3 per 100,000 residents. The majority of new patients (89.4%) were born outside of Israel, primarily in countries where tuberculosis in endemic. Among Israeli-born people, the rate of incidence of new cases is 0.56 per 100,000 residents.
Incidence of Tuberculosis in Israel 1989-2011
Cases of Tuberculosis, by Place of Origin, Israel 1989-2011
Since 1997, a program for the eradication of tuberculosis has been conducted in Israel by the Ministry of Health, in cooperation with all four HMOs. The Tuberculosis and AIDS Department in the Public Health Services is administering the program in cooperation with a number of parties: nine special centers for the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis, two special laboratories, the Tuberculosis Department at “Shmuel-Harofe” Hospital; and with the supervision of all the Health Bureaus. The program is based primarily on the provision of anti-tuberculosis treatment under direct monitoring.
The District and Regional Health Bureaus work to locate cases of tuberculosis, both among citizens of Israel and among residents who are not citizens of Israel. There are Procedures for the prevention and treatment of tuberculosis and for the ways to deal with tuberculosis morbidity in general hospitals and at locations where a large proportion of the population is at high risk. These Procedures can be viewed at the website of the Ministry of Health. Treatment of Israeli tuberculosis patients is funded by the HMOs. Treatment of patients who are not Israeli citizens is funded by the Ministry of Health.
- The full announcement (in Hebrew)