After winning the 1948 War of Independence, Israel concentrated on building up its society from within its government, military and civilian infrastructure. These efforts were diverted by countless terrorist incursions, namely “fadayun” infiltrating the Israeli-Egyptian border. In addition, Gamal Abdel Nasser, the Egyptian president, effectively cut off Israel’s ability to trade with much of the world by closing the Suez Canal to Israeli shipping. To counter these threats, the IDF (Zahal) took control of the Sinai Peninsula in a sweeping 100-hour operation – later to be called the 1956 Sinai Campaign.

Today in History: IDF Launches the 1956 Sinai Campaign