IAF Commander, General Aharon Remez, resigns in the wake of a dispute with David Ben Gurion and the IDF General Staff regarding the status of the Air Force Staff and the IAF Commander’s authority. Following Remez’s resignation, the IDF’s Chief of General Staff, Maj. Gen. Yigael Yadin, decides that the next IAF Commander should be an officer from one of the IDF’s other branches. Accordingly, he appoints General Shlomo Shamir to succeed Remez. Shamir was originally an infantry man. He had completed a pilot training course with aviation firm ‘Aviron’, and had been Commander of the Israeli Navy.

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