Intensive discussions have taken place over the past few days within various working groups, with negotiations focused on the main elements of the treaty, including mitigation, adaptation, transfer of technological climate solutions from developed to developing countries, capacity building, and transparency. The final agreement is expected to be adopted on the last day of the gathering, Dec. 11th. Over the next few years, Parties will ratify the agreement, which will go into effect in 2020.
Read the current draft climate agreement.
The new binding agreement comes after four years of negotiations between more than 190 countries. Among other things, it will require all countries to commit to reducing GHG emissions. Until now, only countries consdiered developed were legally obligated to reduce emissions, under the Kyoto Protocol; Israel was not under this obligation. Parties will also be required to practice control and supervision over implementation of their national GHG plans, and to send regular updates to the UNFCCC Secretariat.
More than 150 heads of state attended the first part of the conference, including Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. They were invited by the French president, who called upon them to demonstrate political leadership and support the adoption of the binding global agreement, which will bring about a transition to a global, low-carbon economy. The message to and from the world leaders was clear: We must work to change the global trends in order to ensure healthy lives and a safe world for generations to come.
U.S. President Obama noted during his speech, "We are the first generation to feel the impact of climate change, and the last generation that can do something about it."
The Israeli delegation to the Climate Conference includes Environmental Protection Minsiter Avi Gabbay, Ministry of Environmental Protection (MoEP) Director General Yisrael Dancziger, and other senior MoEP officials. It also includes representatives from other government ministries, local governments, industry, and academia.
Learn more about the Paris Climate Conference and Israel’s GHG emissions reduction commitment.