The IDF conducts a large-scale exercise codenamed ‘Tzemed’ (‘Pair’) to test the overall emergency readiness of its air, land and sea arms. As regards the IAF, the conclusion reached at the end of the maneuver is that the Force suffers from “lack of discipline, no overall operational plan, low morale and poor equipment”. IAF Commander Aharon Remez defends the IAF, saying that the reason for its unpreparedness is the fact that it is in a ‘transitional phase’.