Israel is actively working to support reconstruction efforts in the Gaza Strip. Israel has undertaken these measures in the face of its valid concerns about the diversion of materials by Hamas for terrorist purposes.
- The passage of massive amounts of construction materials into Gaza. Over 3.4 million tons have entered Gaza since last summer’s conflict with Hamas, in part due to Israel’s expansion of its border crossings with Gaza to handle over 800 truckloads of goods per day. Israel has allocated approximately USD 10 million to further expand their capacity to 1,000 trucks a day.
- The movement of persons connected to the reconstruction effort, including businessmen from Gaza, reconstruction personnel, engineers and other relevant professionals. Israel has allowed their movement between Gaza and Israel and/or the West Bank.
- Building projects in Gaza for housing, as well as schools, clinics and infrastructure projects. These projects are initiated and/or funded by international organizations, foreign states, the PA and private elements.
Hindrances to reconstruction
Appendix: Israeli Measures in Support of Reconstruction
- Upgrading the border crossings between Israel and Gaza to allow over 800 truckloads of building materials and other goods to enter the Gaza Strip in a daily basis.
- Allocating approximately USD 10 million to further expand the capacity of the crossings to over 1,000 trucks a day.
- Facilitating the passage of over 3.4 million tons of materials into Gaza since the end of last summer’s conflict with Hamas. About 100,000 tons a week.
- Of the more than 127,000 households authorized under the Gaza Reconstruction Mechanism to buy materials, over 106,000 households have already bought construction materials.
- Recent advancements in projects include laying the cornerstone for the third stage of a neighborhood in Rafah with 220 housing units and a cornerstone for the al-Zafer Tower project in Gaza City. Over 3,500 new housing units were already authorized by the GRM.
- Over 540 projects have been already authorized by the GRM since the 2014 conflict, 334 are under construction.
- Hammad City, a neighborhood near Rafah financed by Qatar and built within the GRM mechanism with over 1,000 housing units was just inaugurated, and will be populated by the end of February 2016. Of almost 7,000 housing units that were seriously damaged last summer over 4,2000 are under construction.
- Doubling the number of entry permits into Israel from Gaza for members of the business sector. The quota for businessmen entry permits has been raised from 3,000 to 5,000.
- Coordinating engineers and other relevant professionals for international community projects.
- Facilitating the movement of Gaza reconstruction personnel, with more than 1,000 permits issued since summer 2014 for travel from the West Bank to Gaza.
- About 100,000 entered Israel through the Erez crossing in 2015, more than 300% increase compared to 2014.
- Among the measures aimed at boosting the economy of Gaza are:
- Israel expresses its support of the development of the Gaza-Marine gas field.
- The export of agricultural goods to Israel throughout this calendrical year.
- The export of industrial goods (mainly textile and furniture and metal scarps) and agricultural produce (including fish).
- Over 15,000 tons of merchandise were marketed to the West Bank, abroad and Israel since October 2014.
- Setting the fishing zone off Gaza’s coastline for Palestinian boats at 10 kilometers (6 miles).
- The establishment of a Coca-Cola factory, with the requested equipment, in the Karni Industrial Estate.
- The import of engines and second-hand vehicles into the Gaza Strip.
- The export of metal scrap from Gaza was authorized.
- Israel has doubled the amount of water it supplies to Gaza from 5 million to 10 million cubic meters of water annually (2.6 billion US gallons). This in addition to the 125 megawatts of electricity that Israel supplies to the Gaza Strip.
- Israel has continued and even improved movement for medical purposes.
- In addition to granting entry permits into Israel for urgent medical care for patients and their escorts, Israel has raised the number of permits for travel to the West Bank for non-urgent medical care.
- Israel has coordinated the movement of almost 650 doctors and medical teams from the Gaza Strip to the West Bank for continuing education projects and conferences.
- Facilitating the exit of Gaza Strip residents abroad via the Allenby Bridge crossing between the West Bank and Jordan. This route has been used for medical treatment, participation in conferences and university studies.