The public health services of the Ministry of Health conduct discussions with professionals in various fields with the aim of forming detailed directions for attention for people returning from countries endemic for Zika virus ​

The public health services of the Ministry of Health conduct discussions with professionals in various fields: Epidemiology, gynecology, maternal-fetal medicine specialists, infectious disease specialists, pediatricians, the blood bank and laboratories, with the aim of forming detailed directions for attention for people returning from countries endemic for Zika virus.
 
In the next few days a circular of the public health services will be updated and the directions to the public will be updated.
Background
Zika virus disease is a disease transmitted by mosquitoes manifesting in fever, rash, joint pain and conjunctivitis. The disease is usually mild or symptomless. In rare cases, there may be neurological complications such as Guillain-Barre syndrome. In addition, contracting the disease during pregnancy may cause neurological defects, including microcephaly. The disease is spreading rapidly in Central and South America including the Caribbean), the Pacific islands and Cape Verde to the West Africa shore (see attached list). Due to the spread of the disease, the World Health Organization declared a global state of emergency this week. The Ministry of Health asks to refine and expand the recommendations for persons traveling to these countries and to update the list of countries with active transmission of the disease.
 
The main updated recommendations:
  1. Women who are pregnant or are planning to become pregnant in the near future are recommended to consider postponing a journey to a region with prolonged Zika virus transmission.
  2. People traveling to these countries are advised to use means for preventing the risk of mosquito bites, such as: applying a mosquito repellant, wearing long sleeved shirts, long trousers, a hat and sleeping in rooms with nets or air conditioning or that have been sprayed, or under a mosquito net that has been sprayed with insecticide.
  3. A woman visiting one of the listed countries is advised to avoid becoming pregnant during her visit and for four weeks after leaving the high risk region.
  4. In a few cases, infected men have infected their partners in sexual intercourse. Men visiting these countries are advised to use a condom during sexual intercourse there, and for four weeks after living the at-risk region.
  5. Avoid giving blood for 28 days after leaving the at-risk region. After that, there is no impediment to giving blood, subject to the other directions applying to blood donors.
  6. The Ministry of Health is currently holding discussions with the various professionals for forming recommendations for pregnant women and newborn infants of mothers who have been in the at-risk region during pregnancy.
 
 
The Ministry of Health is continuing to track the situation and will update according to developments.
Countries with active transmission of Zika virus by geographic region, according to the CDC-WHO
Correct for February 2, 2016


Region

Central and South America (including the Caribbean)

Pacific islands

Central and Western Africa

Countries

Brazil

Venezuela

Panama

Honduras

Colombia

Suriname

El Salvador

Guatemala

Paraguay

Mexico

Martinique

French Guinea

Puerto Rico

Haiti

Barbados

Ecuador

Guinea

Bolivia

Guadeloupe

Saint Martin

Dominican Republic

U.S. Virgin Islands

Costa Rica

Jamaica

Curacao

Nicaragua 

Samoa

American Samoa​

Cape Verde