ל”מרכבה 35 years”: the past and future of the world’s most advanced tank

מרכבה 4. צילום ארכיון: דובר צה”ל

Tank Development Authority head, Colonel Aicha explains how make master tool of GoC army headquarters to be relevant decades ahead and stressed: “the chariot is socio-economic project contributing not only to the continental supremacy. Special interview

תאריך: 23/02/2014, 12:01    
מחבר: נעם ויטמן, אתר צה”ל

זרוע היבשה
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שריון

35 years have passed since the day it came in the Merkava tank in use during
The Merkava tank enough to take a central role in Israel, wars, and within various activities. IDF meeting site for a special interview with רפ”ט (tank development authority), the body responsible for the development and planning of the chariot, tanks and heard him on the project, about the changes and what the future holds for the IDF tank.

In the wars of Israel, it’s hard to miss the meaning of the tanks. Although campaign activity based on synthesized the lives and the tanks were few, but already during several temple tanks doubled almost 14 times. During the Yom Kippur war has been
Participated in the war as importing tanks of all parties when the war had already become reserved in nature. However Israel State faced a problem when foreign countries refused to sell her tanks.

ל”מרכבה 35 years”: the past and future of the world’s most advanced tank

The change began in the 1960s, when the United Kingdom withdrew the proposal arose historically: Israel will help develop the tank, and in return you chieftain tank to buy items. The collaboration lasted three years, until the Arab countries failed. In light of this development, began to consider the possibility to develop and manufacture tanks in Israel. “After a very long economic decided to develop and produce tanks in the country,” explains head of Colonel רפ”ט, Nissim levy. “The decision reviewed three main parameters: the price of a tank, the tank production technology in Israel and human infrastructure for development.”

At the same time, Israel tank production was not a decision.
Trivial. “Israel is not produced at the time, platforms To build the capacity of developing and manufacturing tanks is a strategic decision, “explains Colonel Levi. “This is a very significant statement
Catching up today.

ל”מרכבה 35 years”: the past and future of the world’s most advanced tank

For the project set out several principles. Apart from the establishment of the order (tank Program Manager) and REF it was based on existing bodies in the IDF and expand existing infrastructure rather than create duplicates. In addition, it was decided that the form of development and production will be a shortened development process telescopic characterized in serial production before the completion of all phases of development and experiments.

“Bring quickly trained field models, produced lessons and made changes,” explains the head of the רפ”ט the following tanks depart in the same old sticky and. It allows to put tanks quickly.
Indeed, since the creation of the project in 1970, already in 1979 the regiment of tanks provided 7. “It’s amazing the country wasn’t a tradition in manufacturing tanks rather than infrastructure. No such speed unprecedented in the world, “said Colonel Levi.

Before the Warrior life metal

Not in REF 79 ‘ guidelines on the laurels, shgishth telescopic development continues to take place. “We don’t produce the same thing, but constantly improve the tanks,” says Colonel Levi. Tool, also after a few tanks clearly improved technology and know how to do things better. We put our tools improvements while “.

Indeed, the Merkava tanks and for changes and adjustments in the light of the changing and future threats in the various sectors. “The Golan is very difficult. Travel 30
Mph in an area like this, to purchase, to remain stable, track and hit it huge engineering challenge that Israel managed to overcome already the Merkava tank Mark III “, says Colonel Levi. The DEA also built the tanks are arranged when on the Merkava tank mark IV consists of rear camera and mzco (larvae, toss and mounted) allows surface route traffic.

ל”מרכבה 35 years”: the past and future of the world’s most advanced tank

Facing the realization that tanks are going to serve the IDF for many years,
The ability of the coach to move matches is crucial. Merkava mark IV “has a special ability to absorb without revolutions systems. To be able to update it in order to stay relevant in the changing scenarios, “argues Colonel Levi. “We can get today.
Match system for 20 years, because that’s what it takes today, Amal – isn’t something simple but need to maintain relevance. “

One of the main places in the development of the tank is placed on
Maximum protection for tankist. When you look at the coach, you can see that her mass planning designed to provide maximum protection for the Warrior.  “We understand that the Warrior is
Valuable thing here, and the metal can. This is the thought that leads us, “said Colonel Levi.

Despite the importance of shielding the tanks, in 2010 a dramatic revolution system such trophy ‘ came into use. This is an active protection system that anti-tank miirtt before it’s time to hit the tank, disables him a few feet away. “The system gives a revolutionary vehicle. Until that point the tankists didn’t know and didn’t understand that shooting them until they were hit. Today, the level of protection is very impressive. “

A new kind of combat ammunition

When we talk about the next war is clear to all that it is confronting the tank’s anti-tank assault force. The largest budget cut suffered armored Corps with close
Tank divisions, which raises doubts about the relevance of the armour and operational needs. According to רפ”ט, head of the future examining the tank actually sharpened. “We’re talking about low-signature enemy tank is relevant and not
Anti tank warfare. When it comes to combat, more relevant tank from another weapons system today on land “.

Concluded that the next war will see otherwise came about back in ‘ 98, when they began firing missiles in a massive way because Lebanon. “We realized that the main threat to the tanks become missiles and other tanks and prepare for it,” he says.

ל”מרכבה 35 years”: the past and future of the world’s most advanced tank

In order to adapt to new forms of the enemy, developed new and improved ammunition types: Earth and ore. The bulb that came into use about three years ago, is versatile, unique ammunition it is reflected in the data feed firing ammo that split second before the shelling.

‘ Ball ‘ ore still not in use is a ammunition to deal with threats that lurk within. “This ammunition can hit the wall and has stay-is exploding in the building,” explains Colonel Levi. “It’s especially suited to urban warfare. Terrorists will not survive such a blast inside a building.

Turn tank-lethal tools family

Production of Mark 4 Merkava tanks should continue for the next few years, but the question arises: what will be the next day. IDF Chief of staff in 2025
The Secretary of general staff reduction in number of Gantz tanks, negotiated through closing and selling that old tanks or tchtam. “The Merkava mark IV tank continues to progress and develop. What we produce today is nothing like what I made 12 years ago. We’re moving all the time, “explains Colonel Levi.

One estimate is that the next program will combat land large-רק”ם.
Currently the project is going through consolidation with GoC army headquarters, but now it is clear that this is a family of tools that answer the broad requirements of the sow. “It will be cheaper than the Merkava tank mark IV, a smaller, more lethal and can fight in a much more effective network with many more tools as part of the arm’s grasp,” says Colonel Levi.
“The family of tools not intended only for armored Corps and will have been in years.”

ל”מרכבה 35 years”: the past and future of the world’s most advanced tank

The REF itself emphasize that “we are developing for the IDF to civil society there may be considerations of profit and loss, but we are pactorim
And the top goal is to provide the Mainland supremacy tank “. However, the Buccaneers talking about canceling the project chariot, disqualified it. Beyond the fact that this is a very important social project, which resulted in income of 10000 homes
Father, emphasize that REF tank production economically better significantly.
“Every penny that the State of Israel takes in favor of the Merkava tank entering the tenuous four more export dollars,” argues Colonel Levi.

 

Translated from Hebrew

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