65 years of pregnancy: history of IDF tanks

צילומי הארכיון באדיבות ארכיון צה”ל, דובר צה”ל ו”במחנה”

In an era where computerized system and air conditioning are perceived, hosted a 60th anniversary elementary into the IDF’s first, from which it all began.

תאריך: 31/05/2013, 13:00    
מחבר: מתן גלין, אלעד לביא ודנה פטרוב, אתר צה“ל

In the days of computerized systems in tanks are obvious it may sound far-fetched, but the first IDF tank
Freight cars were more reserved and converted for combat. These were the days leading up to the war of independence, then developed the IDF founders makeshift tanks of Immortals who were
To them, recognizing the advantages of an armored vehicle. These vehicles are simple as they sound, were the primary means that allow movement in dangerous ways and upload
Vital convoys to besieged towns.

The first armoured Division, 7th Regiment, was established in May 1948. But the IDF founders don’t
Agreed with armored vehicles, and shortly thereafter established a Division 8 – first division. The Division consisted of two Cromwell tanks of the United Kingdom, ten products
Hotchkiss tanks – tanks manufactured in France aged, which manufactured before World War II.

65 years of pregnancy: history of IDF tanks

Today, just as in, clear yet in dealing with a matter that the importance
The petition has not changed the race time. “There will always be ground combat vehicles. Can’t be a situation where not required for land combat vehicles. It may not be like the tank as we know it today, could be the tool will be smaller to fit on counter space area that became more urban. Might need fewer fighters to operate it, maybe the tool could do more, maybe even only be robotic.
But we have always ground combat vehicles, “said the IDF site senior IDF engaged.

The Cromwell tanks, which commemorated until today on the mask of armored Corps beret, purchased
ב”משיכה” before the British army left the country and the Hotchkiss tanks purchased from France in a month.
In May of that year. These tanks formed the basis of Israeli armor Corps, and participated in the war of independence in many operations. Another tank type on which was based the armored Corps
At the outset was the Sherman medium tank M3 – American, produced in 1942. This tank was purchased in 1948 from the American army surplus in Italy and the Philippines. Americans drilled holes in the order to take guns out of action, and the IDF had to seal
These holes before I removed the tank battles in the war of independence.

65 years of pregnancy: history of IDF tanks

After the Hotchkiss tanks and Cromwell set out the service Sherman, later updated for M3
To model Super Sherman, the only tank model in the Sherman’s team included five combatants — Commander, gunner, load-and machine gunner. The Sherman M3 participated in the war of independence, while the models Super Sherman (Sherman M1, M50 and M51 Galaxy IDF upgrade), participated in operation kadesh, in the six day war and the Yom Kippur war. After them came the Centurion – tank
United Kingdom produce medium .. .during which participated on the water “(fire fighting in the North in the 1960s), the six-day war and the Yom Kippur war; And Patton medium tank 48 m made in America who participated in the six day war and the Yom Kippur war.

65 years of pregnancy: history of IDF tanks

Since the Yom Kippur war began unprecedented intensification process of the armored Corps, both in the tank, both in teams and new units. Armor Corps commanders refocus on developing military tactics to date, which was the essence of the war as generated by the various commanders. Combat doctrine after the Yom Kippur war espoused a combination of infantry forces with armored and artillery instead of the Naboo hailit southern separatism thus far, and of great importance for the operative and tactical mobility, which reduces the vulnerability of the force to move the war into enemy territory.

But despite extensive use and the vast majority who did the IDF until that time in the tank, the Merkava project realized for the IDF there is a need to take a step forward. “There is progress.
Great technology. The protection becomes more advanced and also passive protection is several levels better than ever and we obtain active protection systems like ‘ trophy ‘ miirtt the threat while in the air without any dependence on the operation “, explains the cause of the armored Corps.

65 years of pregnancy: history of IDF tanks

One of the expressions and quantitative buildup of the force would receive the Merkava tank
Which entered service in 1980. In the late 1960s, following a political crisis, with Arab countries who opposed the arms transactions, cancelled sales of tanks to the Israeli army.
Following the army realized there is no escape – and the establishment of a line of tanks in production.
The project head coach “General Israel Tal counter (tlik), became head of program manager. The project seemed to never get implemented, but in 1970 established professional bodies of engineers worked on the tank design and development.

In July 1973, held the test of the Merkava tank, dubbed “0001”. With the outbreak of the Yom Kippur war frozen on the tank. The design that prevailed at that time, people brought their understanding should tlik increase production. The first four tank mark 1 delivered to the company in April 1979, Commander designed Saar Golan to move the tanks already built 11 tanks, Golan Heights.
 
Three years after war broke out in Lebanon. It was the first baptism of the chariot mark 1 in campaign proved the supremacy of Israel against Syrian armor.
Changes thereto, its use for crucial battles in Lebanon and tanks destroyed in its class is the smallest. Already at that time began the production of
Next-generation Merkava mark 2, which included improvements in their tank, armor and weapons.

65 years of pregnancy: history of IDF tanks

In 1990 she began a quantum leap with the development of a Mark III – capacity increase tank fighting: lessons of productions using the old chariot were introduced, as well as the technological step in those years affected the tank. Control systems
The fire, which were mechanical electronic systems were replaced. Improved models operated on the outskirts of cities against the increasing terror in Judea and Samaria and Gaza and help Amal forces alive over the IDF improvements, whether for capabilities of the tank and if for the people’s abilities. “In the field of mobility also powerful engine
That exists today and its chassis system onto the larvae must tank excellent offenses ability even in difficult areas like the Golan Heights and sandy areas in the South. In addition, the tank has become more convenient for person. The tank is like a plane without wings but no privilege to land after flight and sleep at the base. Sometimes you have to stay inside for days in enemy territory. The tanks have air conditioning system and the achs allows space protection the internal space where the team was staying.

In 2010, major general Israel Tal died, who made this project fabric shape under the absolute “hands, has no rival in the world of tanks”. Following the lessons of the second Lebanon war, was installed on Merkava tanks, new active protection system “trophy” anti-tank missiles threats in parallel developments and improvements continue to tank, such as sophisticated systems to control and manage. The tank’s future is unknown, but one thing is for sure — he will continue to lead the State of Israel’s deterrence.

65 years of pregnancy: history of IDF tanks

In recent years raised more than once the relevant discussion of the tank on the battlefield. In an era of urban warfare and aerial bombs surgical, it seems the tank starts to be caught when slow and clumsy. But for those who know the tool inside the concept of battlefield devoid of tanks seem far away. “It’s integrated, it’s almost universal phenomenon will also in the future and balances within the combined arms will vary depending on terrain and the fighting,” Colonel ret Paul Carpenter for the bulletin applies
Armour in open ground need more infantry and tanks, and vice versa. Fighting in built-up area doesn’t mean you don’t have tanks. Need something that brings significant firepower and protected against most
The threats. Read it today, and the future tank probably would call it a tank. “

“Armored Corps continues to step forward on the cutting edge but without the man who runs it is not thmota. The person who btank WINS. Where arrested larvae there determines.
The armored Corps is the deciding force in the Mainland. All wars Israel has shown that it is not
Enough to shoot and produce fire and Hill have also cost her. This will make the tanks “, concludes chief factor.

Translated from Hebrew

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