פעולת כראמה. צילום: ארכיון “במחנה”.
In an interview released ל”במחנה about six years ago, said Lt. General (Ret.) Amnon
Lipkin-Shahak was on the Oz decorations he received for its RAID and operation spring of youth “
תאריך: 20/12/2012, 15:43
מחבר: פנחס וולף, “במחנה”
On 18 March 68 bus students is onto the Herzliya Gymnasium on a mine. The result: two dead and 10 injured students. Three days later, started its operation. Because of the proximity, many people think that the operation was retaliation for the bombing, but Lt. General (Ret.) Lipkin-shachak denies it. “Its action was a long dead”. Combat operation that procedure
Takes longer than three days, so whoever thinks there’s a connection between the action that occurred on 18 March, don’t understand how are procedural battle.
“It wasn’t a contingency plan because the terrorists are dynamic. Karameh became a town in almost complete control of the terrorists. The operation was planned in order to disrupt
The deployment of terrorists in Jordan Valley, on the East side, and to prevent attacks on Israel independence day of that year.
Operation commanded Lipkin-Shahak, then captain, of paratroopers ship shrioniot. The topographic surface and the Sun Greece agrees with the power to extract the damaged tanks as a result Jordanian fire, initially injured one shrioniot. Despite the harsh conditions, Lipkin-Shahak continued fighting and rescuing the injured. For this he was awarded the Medal of courage.
Run in two areas: North of the dead sea, which went mostly block Abdullah,
Also the tank today, “says Lipkin-Shahak. ” One of the powers was airborne force, whose aim was to block the escape of terrorists from its East to back. It also disrupted power to a certain extent, because there was no coordination between the lander power and throwing the bringers, previously dispersed and some terrorists — including Arafat, I think-its managed to escape and get out before we had surrounded the town and blocked escape routes from the East.
“I was with force was under the command of the Brigade Commander,” raful “. The object of the power.
You have to enter the bridge and block the possibility of Jordan military reinforcements fall from North to South, towards Rama. Jordanian forces were in the area, and the goal was to fascinate them and prevent them from reaching assist terrorists or fight in town.
It was morning, and the Sun blinded our strength. The Jordanians were on the slopes of the Ridge, a little higher, and ruled over the whole valley. Pretty soon, a large part of our tanks.
Some sank in mud in some of Jordan’s low, and the majority of the tanks, I went upstairs and got positions, was hit by the shell. In order to extract the tanks and casualties,
Anti-tank missiles couldn’t harm the Jordanian tanks.
“So we got” raful “task, run to Al-Masri, which is right at the foot of the Ridge, at the eastern end of the Jordan Valley. The aim of the operation was to extract the tanks and casualties to our territory. As soon as we started to go pretty massive fire took out the Jordanian tanks. The node was already several hundred meters from the Jordanian tanks. We know there are tanks but
We didn’t know exactly where they are.
“Our unit was part of the regular paratroopers, but we were high with
90 mm cannons in their advantage was that they were able to move very quickly because they were small
And agility. The Cannon was less than that of the tank, but that ammunition could penetrate armor.
“We have reached a crossroads, and we were under very heavy fire already. Meanwhile, no one was hurt. The intersection was quite small, with three or four buildings. The Jordanian tanks
Were we and we. How I got injured one car, soon saw that there wasn’t room for everyone. So I left the shrionit and another one damaged armoured car No. The rest of the way back I went back and was hit by another car. At one point applies
The air began to attack Jordanian tanks and they just withdrew. So Jordan fire break almost completely, except for some more artillery and mortar fire.
“Towards a noon came rescue force, which evacuated the casualties that had bad shrionit. With the power was killed a few months April later in the Valley.
Us injured another Division’s זחל”ם them too recovered. For all evening out and the operation ended.
“Battle of Karameh was the first major action after the six-day war. I think we had a few surprises. First, the Jordanian army fights as he fought, even in the area we were in it and in the southern area, where the 7th Armored Brigade, which was hot
After the six day war the Regiment, they kidnapped. Secondly, Jordanians took the tanks failed to get to the parade held in Amman. If I’m not mistaken, two air force planes were altered Jordanian fire.
“During the operation, the Jordanian Army fought well and bravely. He didn’t run and cleared the area, although the purpose of the action was not against Jordan’s army, but against terrorists that the Jordanian army, bahsot ranged in the Jordan Valley. I’m not sure it was clear to everyone that the Jordan army fights like this. Could be if it was obvious to everyone it would be maybe another forces order was In terms of the Jordanian army, Rama is considered one of the sacrifices they were proud.
“The terrorists, however, can’t see how Rama Chami. They escaped and a few mountains captured and bravery. It is true that a large proportion of them and maybe even commanders managed to flee, but it certainly also disrupted their plans for further “.
Arguably there is similarity between the RAID on Karameh in 68 ‘ and the war in Lebanon last summer: in both cases, this is an operation against a terrorist organization based in the State, and the army apparently thought he could finish the sweeping victory,
Which was disadvantageous to us.
Lipkin-Shahak, however, rejects the comparison between the two operations. “I think there is nothing in common between the last Lebanon war for its operation,” he says.
“The war in Lebanon was not a vain vision. There were a lot of other things that result
Of failure or success. At least its sense of achieving the target, I think the operation has achieved its objectives. The price paid was too heavy, and by design, in my opinion, not good enough. The enemy was making and correct. In Lebanon, unfortunately, I think we have achieved the goal of the Hezbollah and stopping the Katyushas or reduced significantly. Therefore, I would not connect similarities between Rama and summer. “
On 17 Sep 70 ordered Hussein of Jordan, a vast operation against the terrorists in his country, later nicknamed “Black September”. Following her.
Action copy the terrorists organizations, which until then were based activity in Jordan, Beirut, Lebanon’s capital, and in carrying out terrorist activities against Israel.
In order to eliminate terrorist activities, planned Israeli security operation
“1973”, in the performance of the IDF officers of those days. The role of Amnon Lipkin-Shahak, then an officer in the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, was to blow up “Democratic front for the liberation of Palestine.” With the beginning of the battle of three fighters were injured, and the remaining six opened fire and thrown grenades from inside the building. Eventually succeeded, despite the difficult situation which falls to destroy terrorist forces, to blow up the building and evacuate the casualties. For that Lipkin-shachak received the Medal of bravery, joining.
The same decoration he received after the RAID on Karameh on 68.
“A battalion of paratroopers, 50 and went with the staff of the regiment and two people yelling, Lipkin-Shahak. “Our target was seven floors of the Democratic front, which was actually a military camp. Infantry officer and paratrooper General, Emanuel (Manu) almond, commanded the operation, and naturally the preparations for an operation like this requires time. If we could raise its reflecting surface of Israel and see most of the action that we have fought it, ב’אביב youth ‘ situation was different. Need to learn about air and do some other things.
“The decision was that the operation is performed with civilian clothes rather than military power, because some
From the operation was in a built-up area and quite crowded, and we had to walk. It was clear immediately if anybody sees soldiers know there’s something here, and it’s spring. If notice to civilians within a city like Beirut as they March at night, it doesn’t attract attention.
“Arrival was with סטי”לים to the beach and then with rubber boats, cars waiting for us shbachoff hired by Warriors of the institution a few days earlier. The beach was
Travel to destination, Park the car in a parking lot and walk to the site. We know there are guards in position beneath the building. Our job was to hit, to prepare the building for an explosion and blew on its occupants, and later return to cars to get to shore and call for the boats to come get us. “
“The stages were quite as planned. We reached shore, landed. I even remember
Pretty close to this hotel illuminated people running it. The cars were waiting for us up.
We all came to power content.
“We came to the place that was street parking with minor, we parked the car and went. Avida livny Taurus and Ranger’s Christmases went forward. They were after the last practice, and they carried guns with silencers. It was followed by another link, and
All our power her nine-ten people when three drivers left in the car, and a fighter squadron that should give us the link with rubber boats, and he stayed to guard the traditions and the doctor.
“We were seven or eight that went into the building. The explosives kept in the trunk of the car because there were 250 kg we should cleanse the building then read a car with explosives, abgase, distribute the explosives to blow up and withdraw with the cars.
“We heard the firing of guns with silencers, and seconds later started firing bursts of automatic weapons. It was clear that something here is not totally went according to plan. Because the street was convex, there was no eye contact with Hagi and avida livny, and read them. I arrived there sight reading them in context. There was no answer at two radios. We saw
Shooting out of the car, which was parked 50 meters up the side street. You have to remember that this is a civilian Street. When we walked in it, people stood on balconies. Once you start shooting, a lot of people come out
To see what happens. Start a firefight and throwing grenades even from the building’s top floors. Shot into the building and took on the bottom, and fire away ceased.
“When I got to the bottom of the building told me another one, Yigal Pressler, who later was
Advisor to the Prime Minister. He was hurt pretty bad, and I called the Navy to come to take him to the doctor. He arrived and took Yigal on the shoulders. Then there was a story that I knew him only in retrospect. Somebody out of a House to help carry the wounded.
They fought among themselves and wanted to help the Palestinians realize they don’t while a struggle is a lesson.
From cruising his weapon and fled. Yigal was lying on the floor and he had a lot to do.
He tried to pull a gun with his hand, was hurt, but without success.
“People have tried to get off the elevator, and we opened the stairwell. When people of the building tried to get out they died. Read the explosive vehicle.
Menachem storski, who later was Chief of Noah, was the company that join us. We took out the explosives. When we got to the bottom of the building that was wounded and killed by avida livny holidays. The avida livny brought into the trunk and put holidays on the back and told the driver to go to a doctor. The car went down, we we the explosives. Activated the mechanism and we delay for vehicles.
“When we got to the car I noticed two vehicles, and vehicles with avida livny and missing holidays.
We tried to call him about and he didn’t respond. I asked the people where he is. They idao.
They just see him passing. It was very upsetting. We started driving towards the beach.
The evacuation. Quite early in the trip we heard the explosion. When we got to the beach we saw the car party in didn’t stop with the doctor, and he began to deal with Hagi who lost a lot of blood. Rubber boats called matters, Ste where Hagai died in surgery. Yigal was flown from asti to Maimonides.
“I asked the driver of the car, why he didn’t stop with the doctor.
Older than us, who fought as a teenager during the war of liberation, too. He said he thought no one coming out and he to take them ashore, and when somebody comes to evacuate at least tell what it was. What he didn’t know is that the radio was no rubber boats. He was with us. So if we didn’t arrive or if we decide to change the beach-he wasn’t able to get them out. “
To revelations of heroism “.
Translated from Hebrew