STRATEGIC AND ECONOMIC PLANNING ADMINISTRATION IN THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH PUBLISHES A STUDY ON LICENSED PHYSICIANS IN 2012.
Planning of manpower in the healthcare professions is a key element in designing the health system. Knowing the existing situation and identifying the trends in the area are necessary preliminary stages of planning, and so are extensive data and reliable information which are essential for a good planning for the future.
The uniqueness of the present study is in its use of wide-ranging sources of information, in cross referencing and incorporating the data derived from them. Some of the sources are the responsibility of the Ministry of Health and others are in the hands of the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) or in other places. The Ministry of Health and the CBS jointly planned and carried out the study. Data processing was done in the CBS in coordination with the study team.
The data listed in the study were derived from three main sources:
- A file of persons licensed to practice medicine in Israel. This file is managed by The Ministry of Health and contains demographical data, data regarding education, as well as details about the license itself, such as its date of issue etc.
- A file of income from work and business which is managed by the Tax Authority and transferred to the Central Bureau of Statistics periodically. The file includes data on wages, income, type of employment, industry and more. The file used for carrying out the study was the 2012 data file.
- Panorama Necto System, data on licensed persons obtained from the Ministry of Health database under the management of the information division.
STRATEGIC AND ECONOMIC PLANNING ADMINISTRATION IN THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH PUBLISHES A STUDY ON LICENSED PHYSICIANS IN 2012. THE FOLLOWING FINDINGS ARE INCLUDED AMONG THE MAIN DATA IN THE FILE (2012):
- In 2012, in the Ministry of Health file of persons licensed to practice Medicine, there were 32,775 persons licensed to practice Medicine. Out of whom 29,129 physicians live in Israel. This constitutes an increase of 813 (2.87%) compared to the 2008 data.
- 23,094 of the physicians work in the Healthcare industry. 13,750 (59.9%) are males and 9,344 (40.5%) are females.
- 3,275 (10%) of the physicians lived abroad for at least one year in 2012; of whom 2,694 (82%) had resided abroad in 2012 for 5 years or longer.
- 44.7% of the health industry’s employees (10,317) are Israeli-born, and the rest (12,777) were born abroad.
- (88.3 %) 20,389 of the total health industry’s employees were Jews and others, and the rest – 2,705 (11.7%) were Arabs. Among the Jewish and others group, the percentage of males was higher than that of females (56% and 45% respectively). Among the Arab group the number is higher – 86%3% males and 13.7% females.
- Most of the physicians working in the Healthcare industry (70%) are hired employees (70%) – 84.4% of the females and 61.1% of the males are employees. Among the males 30.3% are both employees and self-employed and 8.6% are only self-employed. This compared to 11.1% and 4.6% among females, respectively.
- In 2012, the average annual gross income of physicians in Israel was 388,000 NIS; the male physicians’ income was 443,000 NIS, whereas the female physicians’ income was 308,000 NIS. In general, the income of males exceeds that of females. The incomes of physicians working both as employees and as self-employed are higher on average than the incomes of physicians working only as employees or only as self employed, among specialists and non-specialists alike.
- Physicians’ incomes increased, on average, by 40% between the years 2008 and 2012. The increase for employee physicians – who form the largest group – was around 40%. The income increase rate of self-employed physicians and those working both as self employed and as employees was much higher.
- Regarding the distribution of the average and median wages of Health professionals according to place of residence, the largest gap between the average and the median wages was found in the district of Jerusalem: Wages of males living in the Southern district were the highest, while in the Tel Aviv district the wages are the lowest of all districts. As a rule, the wages are higher in Jerusalem and in the South. The reasons for this are still not clear. There may be a connection to age and the manner of employment.
- The number of physicians per 1000 people in the population was 3.68 in 2012, a decrease from 3.82 in 2008. About half of the physicians living in Israel, 14,317 – reside in the central part of the country, in the Tel-Aviv district and in the Central district.
- In the next decade a decrease in the number of physicians per 1000 people is expected. The goal for the year 2025 was set by the Horev Committee, in 2010, as 2.9 physicians who are under 65, per 1000 persons in the population. The anticipated decrease will not bring the number of physicians in the population below the established goal.
- Out of the total number of persons licensed to practice medicine who live in Israel (29,129), 56% (16,286) have at least one specialty.
- Out of the total number of physicians working the in the Healthcare areas (23,094 doctors), 59% (13,632) have at least one specialty. This datum constitutes a rise of 816 specialists compared to 2008, an increase of 6% in the number of specialists. 84% of the total number of specialists – work in the Healthcare industry. Out of whom 8,639 (63%) are males and 4,993 (37%) are females.
- About 10% of the medical specialists (last specialty) resided abroad in 2012.