צילום: דובר צה”ל
The rescue work is done against the clock-as time passes, it decreases the chances of rescuing trapped alive. A checkout site map capture, IDF site brings you an overview of the process, saving lives at the
תאריך: 05/03/2015, 12:31
מחבר: מיכל גלברד, אתר צה”ל
Under the Rabbi met members of an expedition in the disaster area in Nepal are currently number
Unknown of trapped, that every hour. In similar cases in the past, including the earthquake in Haiti in 2010, even weeks after the disaster survivors were rescued from the wreckage, but the number of people who can save decreases every day. With the military delegation members include experts from the home front command, along with their advanced equipment have also experience and knowledge that can be the difference for many trapped. So it will show:
Step 1: mapping
Any site where the destruction feared trapped, the first step of the extraction force is to map the area to divide the area into sectors and allocate space for cabin crew.
To figure out what site and to compare this place to the building that stood there before, Israeli rachpns. Two rachpns were on the delegation to Kathmandu, and helped rescue filming the destruction from above.
Step two: identify
Detection of trapped, location, number and status is a critical stage when locating and rescuing trapped. The identity allows the correct method for extracting the capture, and save hours of unnecessary work for nothing that will result in our mouths, but not waste saving lives. “Sometimes identify alone can take several hours,” explains Captain Menachem Friedman, פא”י Officer (development targeted measures) in the HFC. The first stage is very important and should be done in the best way to honor won’t work for free.
In order to identify the trapped buried beneath rubble, home front command on the device called “bat-sophisticated radar that can detect movement, even a little finger movement and breathing person in depth of a few metres. This is the third generation of radar, development began on the HFC branch development in cooperation with an American company. “It is called the bat, because I like to not see animal at night by object identifier, so running
Radar, “explains Captain Freedman.
Another system called TPL acronym Locato Trapped Person, trapped people site. It is a sensitive device able to detect noises and voices from under the rubble, talking to tapping on concrete. This measure complements the image identifying the SearchCam
(In Hebrew: cam search). This optical-Visual can go into narrow spaces. The device is equipped with the lighting in the area and identify the capture.
Diameter of standard device is 50 millimeters, but very recently acquired in the HFC is a thinner device, 6 mm thick only, which allows crews to Nepal to shoot through the slots. “Its handset purchasing can drill in and get the camera through the hole, and reviews without moving the motherboard has trapped beneath it,” explains Captain Freedman.
As mentioned the identification stage is among the best, and can affect the entire extraction process, done carefully, checking information from various devices. “It happens that identify
The move by the ה’עטלף, and only after hearing device users find that it is just water. Critical recognition to honor can spend a far just in locations where they are trapped under the rubble, “he said.
Third stage: or drag
After you have located trapped, rescue doctor consulting engineer. ב”חילוץ
Call it ‘ the Golden sholosh. After evaluating the State of health of the capture, engineer
Testing concrete plate above it, and decide how to act, “describes Capt. Friedman.
One method is to raise the element and pull the catch out. The backs of the manual and machine, and is actually long stick at. The stick is placed underneath the element, and hang him on the other side, in order to raise the barrier.
In addition, there is Jack, a little more sophisticated, and Jack hydraulic works on gasoline.
Alternatively, drag the element using tirafor, a device that draws over the blocks and lets you tilt or rotate it on the side, thus allowing the rescue trapped.
Fourth step: cutting or breakage
If the level is not possible, check the phone option. Rescue disk is a disk saw gasoline driven, autonomous and made of stone.
“Diamond disk cut everything. It is designed for cases like in Nepal, where many times.
You don’t know what you’re cutting, metal, concrete, stone or waterproofing sheets, “explains Captain Freedman.
When deeper cuts are required, use the hydraulic saw rescuers called
‘ Stanley ‘, named after an American company that manufactures it. ה’סטנלי can penetrate up to 40 centimeters of concrete, used for cutting through thick walls, floors and ceilings.
Cutting through the rubble takes a long time, and often prefer teams to break the barricades instead. To do this using several types of hammers, hammer-hammer easy medium called ‘ Cobra ‘ and heavy hammer named RPC.
Fifth phase: evacuation
After cutting or hacking honor the barrier, only to move the rubble to reach people under them. The way to do this is using. To do this use the HFC in different or don’t in Jacksonville, which is introduced into the concrete after drilling and connect to tie strap for winch.
“The evacuation phase is carried out only after know all about. Need to pick up all the plates and make sure no one is below, “said Captain Freedman. “It can take
Time Rescue workers in surgical precautions, but as soon as possible in order to save lives. “
The entire process, from mapping to rescue trapped among the debris can take the simplest case an hour, but in complex cases may continue for days. “There are hard cases, trapped under the six plates and should act very carefully. The rescue could take many days, and this time the rescuers are in contact with capture-acetaminophen water through cracks and make sure all the time he didn’t waste energy in order to survive longer, “describes Capt. Friedman. “The duration varies widely from case to case. That’s what is special about rescue-World site in ruins. While there are several techniques
Simple to search and rescue, but must combine various techniques. That’s the secret to save the capture, and the experience he calls “.
Translated from Hebrew