45 years after the war that turned into a significant chapter in the history of the State of Israel, met with four defenders, retired, who fought in various sectors – and made history.
תאריך: 07/06/2012, 15:53
מחבר: יעל לבנת ורותם פסו, אתר צה”ל
The six-day war is considered the luxury of war. within six days.
The IDF with a early managed 264 thousand soldiers defeat the armies of Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon, and help other countries occupy space that overall size is three times the area of Israel. Israel Defense Forces wrote a history on a global scale in terms of military capability and deterrence. Marking 45 years of war, met with four
Warriors, retired from the hardships, they told about their experiences writing a significant chapter in the history of the State of Israel.
The southwestern front Gen. Yoram Yair (Yahya), former head of אכ”א, served as Commander of the Brigade of paratroopers point that broke out in the open.
“There was a gap between the community atmosphere and the commanders felt. We were very confident in our strength and we know we’re ready for anything. What bothered us was where running
Us intelligence or not, if we release or another division of Jerusalem and we who are we what voltage or the reserve Brigade of paratroopers, told Gen. on the period before the war. With the start of the war, the company was stationed in Rafah, when Israeli forces Regiment 50 (101) 250 soldiers serving on זחל”מים, in front of 5,000 soldiers of the Egyptian Brigade.
“We knew exactly what the balance of power. We knew we were going to jump on that power better us numerically, but we have this war on our very existence, “said Gen. (Res.) Yair. “Although we went for it and went into the trenches and fortified positions, with tanks and cannons were deployed and digging. Our breakout
She allowed the continued movement of the IDF in the area towards El Arish, and then to China.
The regiment charged with determination after the company company Caterpillar went on
One by one, until there’s nothing left even one זחל”מ. The number of persons killed and injured
Growing by the minute, when almost all commanders among the casualties. “Charge of the Regiment, was the heart of Egypt, when we are surrounded by hundreds of soldiers all over Egypt are equipped with tanks and cannons”, Gen. (Res.) Yair, who himself was seriously wounded and was rescued after
Many hours. “It was impossible to get close to us because we were surrounded from the array. The larva that storm head the regiment managed to break forward through the busy tunnels
The soldiers, with the rest of the larva of the casualties back until both cannon shells hit my caterpillar too, blew it up and anyone who had. So I found myself lying injured with several wounded soldiers and some deaths in the middle square of the trenches.
Fortified Egypt, dozens of soldiers shooting and זחל”מי the regiment do not seem in sight.”
“At the same time hoping that one of us stays alive to tell what fate, half dead, and I wasn’t convinced that I’m going through the night, he said, adding that” after about half an hour the Battalion soldiers began to get up to the point where you hit the larva and Bray b hurt hopes I may survive this. But the entire battalion, most fatalities and wounded warriors, also title and cannot reach us rescue forces. Only at night “raful” (Rafael Eitan) was so happy, he managed to organize a force of tanks and close, and at the same time to extract all casualties. ” After the difficult champion found himself lying in the hospital for two months, shortly thereafter returned to Brigade command.
“As I lay in the hospital, the only thing I cared about was when I can come back to the control
For my company “.
“When I woke up on Tuesday, I realized that Jerusalem and the West Bank in the us and was” euphoria, said Gen. (Res.) Yair. “Me and my friends to the hospital bed hooked up to tubes and connected devices, each move or laugh made us terrible pain, we sang together” Jerusalem of gold “. It was clear to us that this great historical event beyond our expectations and dreams. The former
Said a paratrooper, identified at that time with the liberation of Jerusalem, years after the war, couldn’t sit down in a restaurant in Jerusalem without other diners who pay between rival on the jumper.
“This time, it was a young officer and soldier
Affected and went after the ideological slogans that spoke of pioneering and sacrifice and contribution to society. Today, the much more prudent and calculated, looking for self-realization, ask questions and seek answers, no passwords, but real soldiers as Syrians and a sense of mission and commitment, “said Gen. (Res.) Yair, noting that” no shamotivatia comes from the ideological leap, but of consciousness and awareness, it
Turns into a much more powerful military, I’m proud of today, so maybe no less. “
In Jerusalem-Brig. Gen. (Res.) Uzi eilam, battalion 71 of paratroopers, which breached the walls of Jerusalem.
“Called for paratroopers to reserves. The whole army was mobilized and we called a few days later, “recalled Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Elam. “We never intended to fight in Jerusalem
When Greece first war against Egypt, and we were supposed to drop South to El Arish. As soon as Hussein joined the war, decided to move us to Jerusalem, “said, adding that” in the period before the war not trained for fighting in built-up area as dense, and so this part has fallen on us. When will the final approval, we went off to war, at two o’clock in the morning, the day of the ammunition Hill, Sheikh Jarrah and Wadi Joz, followed, entering Jerusalem. “
The war, has many former Majles positive memories, along with the memory of war hard.
And stubborn, which in a day and a half of fighting, the Division lost 96 soldiers. However, Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Elam will never forget the moments of entering the besieged city. “I don’t remember passing through the Lions ‘ gate, after diverted (Motta Gur-so happy) gave the order.
The appearance of the Lions ‘ gate, the Temple Mount Plaza, clean quiet and empty, except for a man and his staff, “recalled Brigadier General (Ret.) Elam. “When we got to the Western Wall Rabbi Goren, which came with my second company, gave me the enhanced Greece was not able to put it out of excitement, and I stuck in place.
Brig. Gen. (Ret.) eilam said that while made history in their continued fight
Soldiers everything with the realization that the war continues full force. “Ended up in Jerusalem on Wednesday. On Friday has been uploaded with the battalion on the Golan Heights, where he participated in the helicopter flight from the Syrian line went down there and helping end the affair of the war “. But as release besieged Jerusalem, the holy place and asking for Mota Gur, participates in divisional lineup, who remains alive, on the Temple Mount.
“Immediately after the order I took my Battalion soldiers to between Omar mosque Al-Aqsa Mosque and sat down there. I went to them and told participating in something that today we
Don’t appreciate how significant, and only a few time understand what took part, told former Majles. “Tzdaati to my Regiment and soldiers stood and saluted back. This status, which tsdano each other, me and my soldiers remember until today.
In the northern sector-Yair Berkowitz, an engineering Regiment in 602.
“After the military services moved to the Netherlands to study at the University, and the war was at the heart of the first year,” said Berkowitz. “When we heard Na’ama closed we rally, all students, and decided to return. I wasn’t staying in the Netherlands during wartime in Israel, “he said, and said that one of his strongest memories from the war as a whole was the war at the airport in the Netherlands. “Every one of us wanted to get on a plane from Amsterdam, we fought every subject to availability. There was a huge motivation because I knew there was a better place to be than in Israel. “
During the war he served as Berkowitz engineering battalion, which was the second line in the Golan.
“We fought using engineering tools and many losses, although we were at the fire line. See friends around this fall situation is very difficult, but this war had no choice. We know that we must continue to fight with all the force. “
The ideological significance of the six-day war, clear all currently. But at the time, the soldier just wasn’t time to discuss it. “I thought this was deepened during the war. We worked like soldiers and spending-after our fight. Just after the war began to realize the magnitude of the immense and we did. “
After the war, Markovic to return to University exams, those left behind in the Netherlands. “The period in which the Netherlands was absent, but things could change it from end to end”, and said that “in the eyes of the world were heroes. We felt immense pride to circulate throughout the University and felt invincible.
Front Center-Joseph Friedman, who fought artillery force in Judea and Samaria
“I shot in which the artillery brigade member. Two weeks before the war,
With the announcement of the draft okmano, roglit town (Neve Michael) “, from Friedman tells the story of the war. He said statements about the war were the public long before I started. “All the time talking about the war.
Prime Minister Levi Eshkol and Minister of Defense Moshe Dayan prepared the public for war “, said Friedman, adding that” the whole time I knew the reserve soldiers conscripted into the war, there was no doubt at all “.
After I packed a backpack with some clothes and separated from his pregnant wife and two daughters, went to the post at roglit place.
In Har Gilo area, and correct security force, “said Friedman. The eyes see Friedman how Jordanians surrender. “In Bethlehem and Hebron the Jordanians escaped almost without a fight – raise a white flag and retreated,” said Friedman. The withdrawal was the province of other Jordanian forces. “The Jordanians have progressed from a distance into the ground, and few days later fled, probably from fear.”
The existential danger, which created the no-war option, artillery batteries in the Jordanian sector named btachn by the divisions. “We as batteries, each battery contains four mortars. The instructions we receive about a mpkadino. Despite the war, the battery was pretty quiet, “said Friedman. However, understanding the emerging, yet soldiers during the war. “The message conveyed to us
Areas that took over and we, like the destruction of the Egyptian air force and conquest of the peninsula
Sinai. We heard the Egyptians abandoned weapons and shoes and try on their lives, “said Friedman. “In the second or third day the war began to realize that we’re going to win,” said Friedman.
In a clear victory with the end of the war, the euphoria from end to end among the Israeli public. “In Jerusalem, and had stopped to applaud the troops and fighting,” said Friedman, adding that “previously valued the fighting for the country and the army draft-Dodgers and not have everyone actively in reserve.” Addition
Responses from the war was supported also in the international arena. “The whole world was in us during the fighting, especially the Americans and the French. With the victory, the world wondered how we were able to win the Arab countries “, he said.
The strongest memory of Freedman’s war is the gap between the concern before the war and the sense of euphoria that accompanied it. “In the beginning we feared, and two weeks before the fighting began to report the entry of Chinese troops and the strengthening of the Jordanians. It was a little frustrating, but once the war began the half healed. The euphoria was so great that the IDF Nahal victories crush and the depth of field, while our enemies escaped us, “Friedman said.
Translated from Hebrew