Pollution from Bus, Haifa. Photo: Ilan Malester
The MoEP requires owners of the 29 largest heavy vehicle fleets in Israel to submit annual reports detailing their emissions. Four companies still haven’t submitted full reports for 2015. Of the remaining 24, Egged, Metrodan, and Dan cause the most pollution, with particle emissions from the companies’ buses averaging 0.07 grams per kilometer traveled. That’s 20 times the pollution levels of the "cleanest" fleets.
Particle emissions from Egged and Dan buses averaged 0.06 grams per kilometer traveled, which is an improvement from last year for the two companies, which have the largest fleets in the country. Still, that’s about three times the pollution levels of some other public transportation companies.
In terms of trucks, the distinction of most polluting fleet is tied between the Tel Aviv-Jaffa Municipality’s garbage trucks and a company called Sherut LHakaei Tzadok; both have particle emissions averaging 0.06 grams per kilometer per truck.
Owners of these and smaller fleets will ultimately be required to comply with other rules as well, including: phase in use of alternative-fuel vehicles (electric, hybrid, natural gas, biodiesel), train drivers in cost-effective driving, ensure that engines are turned off when vehicles are idle, and more.
Heavy vehicles that run on diesel engines emit more respirable particles and nitrogen oxides than other vehicles, and are a significant contributor to air pollution. The OECD has classified emissions from diesel engines as carcinogenic to humans.
MoEP Director General Yisrael Dancziger: "Vehicular air pollution is particularly bad in city centers, and according to OECD estimates, leads to 1,250 cases of death a year in Israel. We will continue to work to reduce air pollution from transportation, through enforcement of pollution laws and financial support of local authorities, in order to protect our quality of life."
Learn more about the MoEP’s heavy vehicle fleet rules.